Authors test the suggested model on high-frequency time series data of USD/CAD and examine the ability to forecast exchange rate values for the horizon of one day.
They also incorporate genetic algorithm as an optimizing technique for adapting parameters of ANN which is then compared with standard backpropagation and backpropagation combined with K-means clustering algorithm.
Finally, the authors find out that their suggested hybrid neural network is able to produce more accurate forecasts than the standard models and can be helpful in eliminating the risk of making the bad decision in decision-making process. Profits or losses accrue as the exchange rate of that currency fluctuates on the open market.
There are various ways to measure RER. Thus the real exchange rate is the exchange rate times the relative prices of a market basket of goods in the two countries.
For example, the purchasing power of the US dollar relative to that of the euro is the dollar price of a euro (dollars per euro) times the euro price of one unit of the market basket (euros/goods unit) divided by the dollar price of the market basket (dollars per goods unit), and hence is dimensionless.
Convert currencies using interbank, ATM, credit card, and kiosk cash rates. Daily Foreign Exchange Rates or.th/English/Statistics/Financial Markets/Exchange Rate/... Currency Converter - Google Finance https:// Get real-time stock quotes & charts, financial news, currency conversions, or track your portfolio with Google Finance. Finance finance.yahoo.com/currency-converter Currency Converter from Yahoo! Foreign Exchange Rates & World Currencies - Bloomberg https:// Current exchange rates of major world currencies.